Population Health and Epidemiology · Due 3/9/24 · Points 150 STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS OF

Population Health and Epidemiology

·
Due 3/9/24

·
Points 150

STRENGTHS AND LIMITATIONS OF SECONDARY DATA SOURCES

In this information age, where data are readily accessible and there is both a great demand for accelerated research projects and strict limitations on research funding, using existing data makes sense. Data used in this way are called secondary data; they come in many forms and contain information on just about anything—depending on who collected the information in the first place, and why.

As a health professional, you have access to a wide range of secondary data sources, including government agencies (such as, the Census Bureau or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) and private sources, including local health service providers. Global and international data are available from familiar sources, such as the World Health Organization and the United Nations. In addition, nearly every nation maintains statistics on social, economic, and environmental indicators, which contain a wealth of health information.
As a member of the Walden community, you have access to the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), the world’s largest archival database of secondary data. You also have access to the Social Change Impact Report (SCIR) data sets—a Walden-owned database. There are also a number of sources and tutorials available to you through Walden’s Office of Research and Doctoral Quality.
No matter the topic—be it vaccination rates, women’s access to mammography, or chronic lung disease—you can probably find an existing secondary data source related to the specific population health problem you are investigating. The next steps are to identify the variables in the data source that you would need to analyze to examine the association of interest and to assess the validity of the data source. For this Assignment, you delve into these issues in greater detail. 

RESOURCES

Be sure to review the Learning Resources before completing this activity.
Click the weekly resources link to access the resources. 



WEEKLY RESOURCES

LEARNING RESOURCES


Required Readings

· Curley, A. L. C. (Ed.). (2020). Population-based nursing: Concepts and competencies for advanced practice (3rd ed.). Springer.

· Chapter 6, “Using Information Technology to Improve Population Outcomes”

· Friis, R. H., & Sellers, T. A. (2021). 
Epidemiology for public health practice (6th ed.). Jones & Bartlett.

· Chapter 4, “Descriptive Epidemiology: Person, Place, Time”

· Chapter 5, “Sources of Data for Use in Epidemiology”

· National Institutes of Health National Library of Medicine. (2019). 

Finding and using health statistics.Links to an external site.
 

SECONDARY DATA SOURCES

Use the following resources to locate secondary data sources for this week’s Assignment:

· Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). 

Data.CDC.gov: Home.Links to an external site.
 

· National Center for Health Statistics. (2015). 

Resources for researchers.Links to an external site.
 

· Walden University Office of Research and Doctoral Services. (n.d.). 

Explore existing datasets.Links to an external site.
 

· World Health Organization. (2021). 

WHO Data collectionsLinks to an external site.
 [Data sets].

TO PREPARE:

· Consider a variety of population health problems and then select one of professional interest on which to focus for this Assignment.

· Explore three data sources (data sets) presented in the Learning Resources that could aid you in describing the population and magnitude of the problem you selected. Consider the strengths and limitations of each data source.

THE ASSIGNMENT

In 3–4 pages (not including title page and references), analyze the data sources you selected by addressing the following:

· Briefly identify the population health problem you selected.

· Identify each data set you selected.

· Identify the variables in each data set you would need to examine the association of interest.

· Assess the validity of each data set. Has it been used for prior studies/publications?

· Explain challenges you might face as a researcher in identifying a proper data set or securing permission to use it.

Rubric

NURS_8310_Week2_Assignment_Rubric

NURS_8310_Week2_Assignment_Rubric

Criteria

Ratings

Pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeIn 3–4 pages (not including title page and references), analyze the data sources you selected by addressing the following: Briefly identify the population health problem you selected.

20 to >17.0 pts

Excellent

The response accurately, clearly, and concisely identifies the selected population health problem.

17 to >15.0 pts

Good

The response accurately identifies the selected population health problem.

15 to >12.0 pts

Fair

The response somewhat inaccurately or vaguely identifies the selected population health problem.

12 to >0 pts

Poor

The response inaccurately and vaguely identifies the selected population health problem, or it is missing.

20 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeIdentify each data set you selected. Identify the variables in each data set you would need to examine the association of interest.

40 to >35.0 pts

Excellent

The response accurately, clearly, and concisely identifies each data set…. The response accurately, clearly, and concisely identifies the variables in each data set needed to examine the association of interest.

35 to >31.0 pts

Good

The response accurately identifies each data set…. The response accurately identifies the variables in each data set needed to examine the association of interest.

31 to >27.0 pts

Fair

The response somewhat inaccurately or vaguely identifies each data set…. The response somewhat inaccurately or vaguely identifies the variables in each data set needed to examine the association of interest.

27 to >0 pts

Poor

The response inaccurately and vaguely identifies each data set, or it is missing…. The response inaccurately and vaguely identifies the variables in each data set needed to examine the association of interest, or it is missing.

40 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAssess the validity of each data set. Has it been used for prior studies/publications?

40 to >35.0 pts

Excellent

An accurate and detailed explanation of the validity of each data set is provided, including whether it has been used in prior studies/publications.

35 to >31.0 pts

Good

An accurate explanation of the validity of each data set is provided, including whether it has been used in prior studies/publications.

31 to >27.0 pts

Fair

A somewhat inaccurate or vague explanation of the validity of each data set and whether it has been used in prior studies/publications is provided.

27 to >0 pts

Poor

An inaccurate and vague, or incomplete explanation of the validity of each data set and whether it has been used in prior studies/publications is provided, or it is missing.

40 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeExplain challenges you might face as a researcher in identifying a proper data set or securing permission to use it. 

35 to >31.0 pts

Excellent

An accurate and detailed explanation of potential challenges as a researcher in identifying a proper data set or securing permission to use it is provided.

31 to >27.0 pts

Good

An accurate explanation of potential challenges as a researcher in identifying a proper data set or securing permission to use it is provided.

27 to >24.0 pts

Fair

A somewhat inaccurate or vague explanation of potential challenges as a researcher in identifying a proper data set or securing permission to use it is provided.

24 to >0 pts

Poor

An inaccurate and vague explanation of potential challenges as a researcher in identifying a proper data set or securing permission to use it is provided, or it is missing.

35 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWritten Expression and Formatting—Paragraph Development and Organization: Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction is provided which delineates all required criteria.

5 to >4.0 pts

Excellent

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity…. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion is provided which delineates all required criteria.

4 to >3.5 pts

Good

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 80% of the time…. Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is stated, yet is brief and not descriptive.

3.5 to >3.0 pts

Fair

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity 60%–79% of the time…. Purpose, introduction, and conclusion of the assignment is vague or off topic.

3 to >0 pts

Poor

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity < 60% of the time…. No purpose statement, introduction, or conclusion was provided.

5 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWritten Expression and Formatting—English writing standards: Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation

5 to >4.0 pts

Excellent

Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.

4 to >3.5 pts

Good

Contains a few (1 or 2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

3.5 to >3.0 pts

Fair

Contains several (3 or 4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

3 to >0 pts

Poor

Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.

5 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWritten Expression and Formatting: The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.

5 to >4.0 pts

Excellent

Uses correct APA format with no errors.

4 to >3.5 pts

Good

Contains a few (1 or 2) APA format errors.

3.5 to >3.0 pts

Fair

Contains several (3 or 4) APA format errors.

3 to >0 pts

Poor

Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors.

5 pts

Total Points: 150

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