PART A From your textbook: AP (DON’T WORRY ABOUT TEXTBOOK, FIND INFO IF NEEDED) “Most scholars agree that there is a constant

PART A

From your textbook: AP (DON’T WORRY ABOUT TEXTBOOK, FIND INFO IF NEEDED)

“Most scholars agree that there is a constant interplay between nature (heredity) and nurture (the environment). It is difficult to isolate the root of any single characteristic as a result solely of nature or nurture, and most scholars believe that even determining the extent to which nature or nurture impacts a human feature is difficult to answer. In fact, almost all human features are polygenic (a result of many genes) and multifactorial (a result of many factors, both genetic and environmental). It’s as if one’s genetic make-up sets up a range of possibilities, which may or may not be realized depending upon one’s environmental experiences… This bidirectional interplay between nature and nurture is the 
epigenetic framework
Links to an external site.
, which suggests that the environment can affect the expression of genes just as genetic predispositions can impact a person’s potentials. And environmental circumstances can trigger symptoms of a genetic disorder.”  

Now, let’s think about children who live in stressful or at risk environments and how that may affect their development, health and behavior.  You should think about equity issues in this conversation as well.  What about the affect of poverty on a child’s development.  Think about access to good nutrition for children (access to good food (food deserts), quality child care)?  What about environmental risks – exposure to smoke, lead, etc.?  How can we help children develop to their full potential?

Post a link to an article, journal, or YouTube video that relates to poverty in children from birth to age two. 

PART B

ONSTRUCTING AN UNDERSTANDING OF CONSTRUCTIVISM

According to Piaget, there are two mental processes which are required for learning something—assimilation and accommodation. In this activity, you will discover on your own what these two words mean.

            Time to Reflect:

1.            Reflect on the word “accommodate”. What does it mean to you. How have you heard it being used in your own personal life? (Consider the following common uses, as you reflect: “He was very accommodating to his guests.” )

Piaget argues that every time a person sees or hears something new (e.g., is confronted with a new idea in class, sees some puzzling object in nature which she/he has never seen before) he/she must accommodate to this new idea or object. What do you think he means by this?

2.            Reflect  on the word “assimilate”. What does it mean to you. How have you heard it being used in your own personal life? (Consider the following common uses, as you reflect: “The family had fully assimilated into the new culture.” or “There was simply too much information for me to assimilate.”)

Piaget argues that every time a person sees or hears something new, she/he must also assimilate that new information into that which he/she already knows. What do you think he means by this?

3.            Piaget says that assimilation and accommodation have to both occur in order for learning to occur. Identify accommodation and assimilation in the example below.

A four-year-old child is using templates to trace shapes in the math center. As she traces a rectangle, a teacher moves over and asks, “What shape is that?” “A square,” the child announces.

“No,” the teacher says, “that’s called a ‘rectangle.’” The child shrugs and continues tracing. Later, in the block area, the child is placing two square blocks together to build on top of a rectangular one. She studies the blocks a moment, then calls out, “Teacher!  Here’s that rectangle again.”

4. The final step is to discuss how you learned about assimilation and accommodation in this activity. In what ways did you assimilate these new ideas into what you already knew about? In what ways did you accommodate to this new information.

RESOURCES

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