History Of Rock Music Chapter 1-4
History Of Rock Music Chapter 1-4
"Be My Baby" was recorded by which girl group?
"The Twist" was originally performed by Hank Ballard, but it was popularized on American Bandstand by Chubby Checker
Al Nevins and Don Kirschner ran what music publishing firm that helped to establish the "Brill Building" approach? Aldon Publishing
All of the following were typical of the recordings Phil Spector produced EXCEPT:
- stereo backing tracks.
- doubling of instruments.
- heavy reverb.
- many instruments playing in a small space. stereo backing tracks.
Before he had a string of hit records for the independent label Monument, Roy Orbison recorded for Sun
Before he recorded pop music, Sam Cooke sang primarily gospel
Dick Dale was famous for playing which instrument? guitar
Drummer Hal Blaine was part of a group of Los Angeles studio musicians known as the Wrecking Crew
Duane Eddy and the Ventures had a series of hits between 1959 and 1962 that could be described as instrumental surf
Harry Belafonte’s 1957 hits "Jamaica Farewell" and "Banana Boat (Day-O)" reflect an American fascination with calypso
His recording of "Only the Lonely (Know How I Feel)" demonstrates which singer’s characteristic falsetto voice? Roy Orbison
In the late 1950s and early ’60s, Frankie Avalon, Bobby Darin, and Freddy Cannon were all known as teen idols
Peter, Paul, and Mary and the Kingston Trio are associated with what style of music? folk
The Beach Boys’ recording of "Don’t Worry Baby," produced by Brian Wilson, was modeled on "Be My Baby," produced be Phil Spector
The Brill Building, which housed many music publishers, was located in New York City
The Everly Brothers came from a background in the country music of the Southeast
The Shangri-Las’ "Leader of the Pack" is a song portraying a teenage death
The first important production team in rock was Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller
The folk revival that began in the late 1950s can largely be attributed to the interest of college students
The instrumental accompaniments in early Beach Boys songs such as "Surfin’ U.S.A." were heavily influenced by Chuck Berry
The pop success of folk artists in the late 1950s and early 1960s is most effectively measured by looking at their album sales
The song "Will You Still Love Me Tomorrow?" was performed by the Shirelles and produced by Carole King and Gerry Goffin
This star of the radio and television show The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet recorded twenty-six Top 40 singles. Ricky Nelson
What is the style of music, exemplified by artists such as Sam Cooke and the Drifters, which mixes rhythm and blues with orchestral strings? sweet soul
When the television show American Bandstand began to be broadcast nationally on ABC, the host was Dick Clark
Where did the members of the Beach Boys grow up? Los Angeles
Which was a vocal surf group that worked closely with the Beach Boys until the groups’ respective labels objected? Jan and Dean
Which was the group that Ben E. King performed with on recordings for Atlantic including "There Goes My Baby"? the Drifters
Which was the vocal group that recorded the "playlet" songs "Smokey Joe’s Cafe" and "Down in Mexico" with producers Leiber and Stoller? the Coasters
Who is credited with creating the "Wall of Sound"? Phil Spector
"That’s All Right (Mama)" was written by Arthur Crudup
After World War II, teenagers had their own pop culture
All of the following artists recorded for Sun Records, EXCEPT:
- Elvis Presley
- Johnny Cash
- Jerry Lee Lewis
- Buddy Holly Buddy Holly
As a songwriter, Chuck Berry appealed to teenagers by doing all of the following EXCEPT:
- poking fun at conservative adult culture.
- crafting "story songs" about daily life.
- incorporating sexually explicit lyrics.
- writing about teen topics, such as school. incorporating sexually explicit lyrics.
Buddy Holly’s band, which recorded the hit "That’ll Be the Day," was called the Crickets
By the early 1960s, Elvis Presley had a broader appea
Carl Perkins’s biggest hit for Sun Records was "Blue Suede Shoes"
Chuck Berry’s crossover hit "Maybellene" was his version of a country tune called Ida Red
During the payola scandals, there was a struggle between which two organizations that collected royalties for songwriters? ASCAP and BMI
Gene Vincent and Eddie Cochran are associated with what style of music? rockabilly
In 1957, Jerry Lee Lewis’s career stalled due to a scandal surrounding his marriage
In addition to being a performer, Buddy Holly was an influential songwriter
In the 1950s, pop covers of rhythm and blues songs benefited mainly record companies and white performers
On February 3, 1959, known as the "The Day the Music Died," Buddy Holly was killed in a plane crash
Payola refers to the practice of giving DJs gifts or cash to play records on the radio
Record popularity charts were created to help industry radicals change the system
Rockabilly arrangements tended not to use drums
Sam Phillips sold Elvis’s contract to RCA
The opening guitar solo of Chuck Berry’s "Johnny B. Goode" uses double stops, a technique that involves playing two notes at the same time
When a record holds a prominent position on more than one popularity chart (for example, the pop chart and the rhythm and blues chart), this is known as Crossover
Where was Sun Records located? Memphis
Which artists were early rock and roll performers known for their manic piano playing and wild stage personas? Correct Answer Little Richard and Jerry Lee Lewis
Which celebrity DJ, who started out playing rhythm and blues records on a Cleveland radio station, was influential in bringing rock and roll into the mainstream? Alan Freed
Which of the following films used Bill Haley’s song "(We’re Gonna) Rock around the Clock" over the opening credits?
- The Wild One
- Blackboard Jungle
- Rebel without a Cause
- The Girl Can’t Help It Blackboard Jungle
Which of the following singers, signed to RCA Records just after Elvis Presley, was marketed as the "female Elvis"?
- Wanda Jackson
- Brenda Lee
- Janis Martin
- Ruth Brown Janis Martin
Which singer began recording rockabilly songs like "Bigelow 6-200" before the age of thirteen? Brenda Lee
Which singer performed a cover of Fats Domino’s "Ain’t It a Shame," retitled "Ain’t That a Shame," which outperformed the original on the pop charts? Pat Boone
Which two high-profile music industry professionals were questioned by a congressional committee during the payola investigations? Dick Clark and Alan Freed
Who was the New Orleans-based pianist and singer who had more than thirty Top 40 hits, including "Blueberry Hill"? Fats Domino
Who was the artist who cowrote and first recorded the song "Tutti Frutti"? Little Richard
Hokum blues refers to lyrics containing sexual double entendre
Tin Pan Alley refers to a style of music, a way of doing business, and an area located in New York City
All of the following characterized mainstream popular music in the early 1950s, EXCEPT teenagers and their parents listened to very different pop music.
Before it was available over national radio networks, National Barndance was broadcast across the Midwest
Bessie Smith’s recording of which song sold more than a million copies? "Down Hearted Blues"
Blues musician Robert Johnson typically performed Correct Answer Term solo vocals with guitar self-accompaniment.
Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys are best known for what style of music? western swing
By the early 1950s, which city was the most important center in the United States for blues music? Chicago
Chess Records in Chicago was known for recording electric blues
Compared to Big Joe Turner’s original, Bill Haley’s cover of the song "Shake, Rattle, and Roll" has cleaner lyrics and a different rhythmic feel
Early radio networks such as NBC linked stations through telephone lines
Gene Autry is most often associated with Western Music
In 1948, WDIA in Memphis became one of the first radio stations to program music and advertising for the local black community
Many Tin Pan Alley songs are in which format? sectional verse-chorus
Rhythm and blues in the postwar period was marketed to a black listening audience
Sun Records was an independent label from Memphis
The "three-finger roll" was a banjo technique developed by Earl Scruggs
The instrumentation of a big band typically consists of a rhythm section and a horn section
The song "Over the Rainbow," famously sung by Judy Garland, is in what form? AABA
Though he had less than five years of success when he died at age 33, which singer and songwriter was considered country music’s biggest star in the late 1940s and early 1950s? Hank Williams
What creates the high-pitched guitar sounds in "I’m Sittin’ On Top of the World"? guitars recorded at half speed
What was one of Jimmie Rodger’s nicknames? the Singing Brakeman
What was the name of the independent record label founded in New York by Ahmet Ertegun and Herb Abramson known for producing rhythm and blues records? Atlantic
What was the style of rhythm and blues that emerged from urban neighborhoods and was typically characterized by vocal harmony and nonsense syllables? doo-wop
Which city became a center for country music recording and publishing after World War II? Nashville
Which of the following played a central role in the development of a national audience for entertainment in the United States? network radio
Which singer established a new model for pop singers when s/he broke away from big bands and became a solo star and teen idol in the 1940s? Frank Sinatra
Which was the Nashville-based publishing firm that was important for the growth of the country and western music industry in that city? Acuff-Rose
Which was the technique of sound-on-sound recording pioneered by Les Paul? overdubbing
Who was the record producer who traveled the South and recorded many of the earliest country music performers? Ralph Peer
"(I Can’t Get No) Satisfaction," like many early Jagger-Richards compositions, is in what form? contrasting verse-chorus
A second wave of Beatles-type bands—including Herman’s Hermits, Freddy and the Dreamers, and the Hollies—emerged from which city? Manchester
Andrew Loog Oldham managed and produced the Rolling Stones
Between 1945 and 1963, music moved across international lines because British listeners were fascinated with American music.
Between 1960 and 1962, the Beatles made three extended trips to Hamburg
Controversy erupted in 1966 over a remark John Lennon made about the church
During the 1960s, the Rolling Stones became popular in the United State before the Beatles
During the Hamburg and Liverpool period, the Beatles often performed music with origins in the United States
During the period between 1957 and 1963, the most successful British rocker was Cliff Richard
How did the Beatles’ approach to writing lyrics change between 1964 and 1966? They wrote increasingly complex lyrics
In 1963, the British press began to label the frenzy surrounding the Beatles as Beatlemania
In 1963, the year after the Beatles’ first single was released, most of the number-one hits on the U.K. charts were by British artists
In contrast to the Beatles, the Rolling Stones were represented as Bad Boys
In the United Kingdom, a lighthearted, driving pop feel with accents on beats 2 and 4 was called the Mersey beat
John Mayall, Steve Winwood, and Eric Clapton were all part of a group of British musicians that favored American blues
Lonnie Donegan was credited with popularizing skiffle
Some in the music business incorrectly predicted that _____________ would eventually be more popular than the Beatles. the Dave Clark Five
The Yardbirds included several important guitarists who went on to form their own bands.
The film A Hard Day’s Night features the Beatles playing themselves at the height of Beatlemania.
Two British invasion bands that defy "Beatles-type" or "Stones-type" categorization are the Kinks / the Who
What was the Beatles’ song that used tape loops to create an otherworldly sound "Tomorrow Never Knows"
What was the blues-oriented band from Newcastle that featured singer Eric Burdon? the Animals
What was the name of the band that later became the Beatles? the Quarry Men
What was the television show that launched the Beatles into American stardom? The Ed Sullivan Show
When the Rolling Stones first formed, they were led by Brian Jones
Which musicians led the influential blues revival band Blues Incorporated? Cyril Davies and Alexis Korner
Which of the following was characteristic of the Mod subculture in 1960s London? listening to ska and rhythm and blues
Who produced the Beatles’ early recordings? George Martin
Who was the manager responsible for cleaning up the Beatles’ stage act and helping them to secure their first recording contract? Brian Epstein
Why did Capitol Records decline to issue the Beatles’ first singles in the United States? Capitol presumed the singles would fail because previous British artists had few hits in the United States.